Aircraft taxiing at airports consume large amounts of fuel, emit tons of CO2, and create excessive noise.

The aviation industry demands alternative means to tow airplanes from gate to take-off with
engines stopped (dispatch towing).

All previous attempts at Dispatch Towing were unsuccessful due to two main reasons:

  • Increased fatigue loads that shorten the aircraft Nose Landing Gear (NLG) life cycle; which is unacceptable for safety and economic reasons
  • Aircraft not having a Pilot in Control (PIC) when towed by a normal tractor: which is unacceptable for safety, accountability and regulatory reasons

IAI developed with Airbus and TLD an innovative new towbarless towing device concept – the TaxiBot® (Taxiing Robot). TaxiBot® is a semi-autonomous system that enables airplane taxiing without engines running, controlled by the pilot and without shortening NLG life time.

  • Pushback operation and procedures performed by the TaxiBot® operator
  • Immediate taxiing after pushback eliminating bottlenecks in the gate area
  • Taxiing with engines stopped. Engines start shortly before take-off with respect to required warm-up time
  • Pilot is in control at all times (after Pushback) using airplane tiller and brake pedals (transparent to pilot as in regular taxiing)
  • Taxiing at 23 knots, same as current airplane taxi speed



The TaxiBot® system can save airlines billions of dollars in fuel costs and FOD damages. TaxiBot® has the additional benefit of reduced noise and air pollution without affecting airport safety and efficiency.

The TaxiBot® is a semi-robotic, pilot-controlled towing aircraft undercarriage system. The vehicle tows the aircraft close to the take off point – without running engines. This process will be steered by the pilot.

Main TaxiBot® advantages

  • No modification to airplanes systems
  • No extra weight and no reduction in cargo space
  • Insignificant pilot training based on CBT – same cockpit controls and pilot feeling as normal taxiing
  • Same concept for all NB and WB airplanes, same procedures
  • The TaxiBot® is not using APU power to move the airplane, its carrying all required energy for the convoy (TaxiBot® & airplane)
  • The TaxiBot® provide major safety improvements:
    • Better traction and grip in contaminated taxiways (with Ice & snow)
    • Better operator visual contact with airplane wing tips during pushback
    • Intuitive maneuverability during pushback
    • No A/C blast in the gate area
  • Immediate taxi after pushback increases efficiency in the gate area

The TaxiBot® Operator

  • The TaxiBot® is designed for one man operation
  • In line steering provides excellent field of view of both wing tips during pushback, provides full over torque protection and immunity to Jackknife

Environmental Benefits

  • Compared with an aircraft taxiing using its jets engines, green taxiing will reduce emissions.


TaxiBot® is a semi-autonomous system that enables airplane taxiing without engines running, Controlled by the pilot and without shortening nose landing gear (NLG) life time.

A proprietary TaxiBot®-aircraft NLG interface mechanism provides pilot steering capability, using the airplane’s existing controls in the cockpit. Taxiing speed is controlled by the pilot using the airplane brakes.

The TaxiBot® system provides the pilot with the same handing characteristics as if taxiing with engines. Minor airside adjustments to airports infrastructure may be required.

The TaxiBot® system includes the following major elements

Unique NLG Interface clamping mechnism mounted on a “rotating turret” for:

  • Load alleviation during pushback, acceleration and braking
  • Transferring pilot tiller steering commands to the tug wheels via a steering control system
  • No modification in airplane systems
  • No need for APU replacement
  • No added weight to the airplane and no reduction in cargo space
  • Flight Deck Crew intuitive speed and steering controls
  • Protection of the NLG from exceeding maximum allowed fatigue load at all times
  • No change in NLG life time
  • No utilization of aircraft resources for moving the airplane as the TaxiBot® uses its own power
  • Pilot in control of TaxiBot® during taxiing using airplane controls
  • Minimal pilot training required before operation (Computer Based Training)
  • Increased traction and improved handling on wet or icy surfaces
  • Major safety improvement in pushback & maintenance towing


TaxiBot® is available in two versions, for single-aisle and twin-aisle aircraft



  • A320 Family
  • B737 Series



  • A330 Family
  • A350 Family
  • B777 Series
  • B787 Series